It cannot be denied that the human life in India would not harm with cancerous disease, for their prolong exposure to EMR (electromagnetic radiation) from mobile towers beyond the globally permissible limits and for the lack of supervision of watchdog organizations without any norms.
Currently, the increasing number of cancer victims are encountered probably for such alleged exposure to EMR from mobile towers with multi antennae adjacent to their homes.
Many worldwide are running the risks of exposure to mobile towers and the situation is particularly bad in India. DoT (Department of Telecom) and BIS (Bureau of Indian Standard) are reluctant to act. The WHO’s (World Health Organization), International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified the electromagnetic field as being “possibly carcinogenic to human”, in May 2011.
The Indian watchdog organizations has not done any serious exercise to formulate safety standards for mobile towers, handsets & their batteries for prescribing the limit of EMR. However, an Inter-Ministerial committee found by DoT which has come out with a set of norms on EMR that is in effect from 01st Sep, 2012.
The failure of TEC (Telecommunication Engineering Center) & ICA (Indian Cellular Association) on the work of standard formulation for limiting and measuring radiation, the DoT adopted the International EMF (electro-magnetic field) norms of 2008 in respect of mobile towers prescribed by the International Commission on Non Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). The new revised norms suggested to have reduction of radiation levels to 1/10th of the existing power density.
This means the current density of 9.2 per watt per square metre (W/Sqm) in India would have to be reduced to 0.92 W/Sqm. Similarly for the 900 Mhz GSM users the power density will have to go down from 4.8 W/Sqm to 0.48 W/Sqm. The Inter-Ministerial committee also opined for normal practice having more power density to follow more stringent norms.
Expressing his reservations, Prof. Girish Kumar from electrical engineering department, IIT, Mumbai discussed about the new norms taken by DoT for lowering the radiation falls far short than what is required and likely to reduce the health risk fractionally to humans. He suggested in his recommendation to DoT that radiation norms should conform to those in some western countries, where they were less than 0.001 W/Sqm. His report also observed to have “adoption of much stricter maximum radiation density values of 0.001 to 0.24 W/sqm (1/100th to 1/1000th of ICNIRP guidelines).”
The report had indicated that India was following “very relaxed” radiation norms from mobile towers, “whereas serious health effects have been noted at as low as 0.0001 W/sqm”. Due to this alarming concern, the report recommended to the Centre to cut the cumulative power density to 0.1W/Sqm with “immediate effect”, and bring down the power density to 0.01 W/Sqm progressively. However, the new norms are higher than that recommended by the study.
Prof. Kumar asserted that the government acted cleverly by declaring people that it had brought down the exposure limits. ICNIRP guidelines can protect people from the short term heating effects but not from the long term biological effects of low-level exposure from towers. Scientists continue to research on the effects of long-term exposure to low levels of RF (radio frequency energy).
There has been conclusive report as such that radiation from mobile phones & towers cause immediate harm.
In short, better be safe from electromagnetic radiations than never.